Cow Feeding Ration

Cow Feeding Ration

When organizing the feeding ration of cattle, it is necessary to take into account the feeding rates available on the farm and the amount of nutrients in them. The fodder base must be formed in such a way that the diet of cows consists of a variety of components and includes a balanced diet of juicy, roughage and concentrated feed, which must contain all the necessary nutrients for the body. Balancing is performed for such nutritional elements as protein, essential amino acids, vitamins and minerals. The lack of minerals and microelements (sodium, calcium, phosphorus, etc.) in the diet is compensated by the use of special additives. With a lack or excess of at least one component, the degree of use of nutrients of the entire diet worsens, and as a result, the productivity of the animal decreases. Continue reading

Loose Cow Keeping

Loose Cow Keeping

Loose cow housing is most often used on a farm with a large livestock (400 or more). The method provides for keeping animals on a farm without fixation in stalls and a given milking area (milking parlor). Thus, the animals are provided with free movement both indoors and on walking areas. Thus, a condition is created for animals that is optimally suitable for their natural life and for industrial milk production.

Depending on the climatic zone, loose content has its own characteristics. So, for example: in warm areas, it is preferable to use transforming-type premises (with opening walls) with the organization of feeding on walking areas. In the northern regions, animals are kept in capital buildings, with regular walking, depending on weather conditions. Continue reading

Methods of Keeping Cattle

Methods of Keeping Cattle

There are two ways of keeping cattle: tethered and loose.

Anchor content. Animals are housed in stalls, on a leash, with or without bedding. Feeding and drinking takes place in stalls or in the milking parlor. The area of ​​the stall for cows at commercial enterprises should be 1.7-2.3 sq.m., for breeding enterprises – 2.1-2.4 sq.m. (the width and length of the stalls are 1.0-1.2 and 1.7-1.9 m-1 2 and 1.8-2.0 m, respectively).

Loose content. Cattle are kept in groups throughout the year (or in certain seasons) in specially equipped premises with walking and fodder yards, without a leash, on a deep permanent bedding or in boxes (with solid or slotted floors in the aisles). In the sections, each cow has 4-5 sq.m. (commercial farms), boxing area – 1.9-2.5 sq.m. (width – 1.0-1.2; length – 1.9-2.1 m) at commodity and breeding enterprises. Continue reading